Polymer micogels are soft materials with small size. They serve in various everyday-life applications, and they are also promising candidates for more sophisticated new applications in the future. This is particularly promising for microgels that are subject to a delicate interplay with their surrounding, either by assembly and disassembly of their polymeric building blocks through the action of supramolecular binding, or by selective solvation and desolvation of these polymers by the solvent. To make this all truly useful, it is necessary to understand the mutual interplay between (nano)structure, dynamics, and properties of these fascinating materials. This is what our research is focusing upon.
Supramolecular Polymer Networks consist of polymer chains interlinked by non-covalent interactions. To rationally exploit their utility, it is necessary to understand the interplay between their structure, dynamics, and properties. We approach this goal by synthesizing toolboxes of polymers functionalized with different supramolecular crosslinkable motifs. These polymers form a variety of supramolecular networks that we study to correlate their macroscopic properties to their supramolecular equilibria and nm-scale structures.
Smart Microgel Capsules are micrometer-sized soft polymer particles that can be actuated by external stimulation, either by selective swelling and deswelling or by selective crosslinking and decrosslinking. We use droplet-based microfluidics to fabricate such particles to host complex additives. In particular, we focus on encapsulating living cells into these microgels to embed them within artificial extracellular matrixes with determined and tunable properties.
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Microgel Suspensions are composed of soft and deformable particles that can be packed to high effective volume fractions. Such packing transforms a suspension of loose microgels to an arrested state with properties similar to that of macroscopic polymer gels. This effect provides a path to mimic polymer gels with determined heterogeneous composition. We follow this approach and prepare microgel packings that comprise both densely and loosely crosslinked microgel building blocks, which we then probe by micro- and macrorheology.
Droplet-Based Microfluidics is the fine-art of flowing immiscible fluids in small channels to form droplets with controlled monodisperse sub-mm sizes. These droplets are useful for two areas of application. In one area of application, the droplets serve as templates to form microparticles, including soft polymer microgels. In another area of application, the droplets can serve as picoliter compartments, which we use in conjunction with small-angle x-ray scattering.
A. Fery, IPF Dresden
- Core–Shell Microgels with Switchable Elasticity
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016, 8, 16317–16327.
W. Richtering, RWTH Aachen University
- Dynamics in Composite Gels, Microgel Packings, and Core–Shell Microgels
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 15963–15969.; J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2014, 431, 204–208; Colloid Polym. Sci. 2017,
R. von Klitzing, TU Darmstadt
- Mechanics of Inhomogeneous Polymer Gels
ACS Macro Lett. 2015, 4, 698–703.
K. Saalwächter, Halle University
- Microgel Phase Transitions
Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2014, 215, 1116–1133.; J. Polym. Sci. B: Polym. Phys. 2015, 53, 1112–1122.
D. A. Weitz, Harvard University; R. Haag, FU Berlin
- Cell-Laden Microgels
JACS 2012, 134, 4983−4989.; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 13538–13543.; Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2015, 4, 1841–1848.
B. D. Olsen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Microscopic Chain Dynamics in Supramolecular Polymer-Network Gels
Macromolecules 2016, 49, 5599–5608.
Recent and Current Industry Projects
Siemens AG, Berlin, Germany
- Polymer-Based Engine Insulators
Procter & Gamble Germany GmbH & Co Operations oHG, Schwalbach, Germany
- Polyelectrolyte Superabsorbers
BASF SE, Ludwigshafen, Germany
- Microgel Additives for Care Products